Let’s combine the modifiers -ㄴ/은 and 것.

-ㄴ/은 것 is like the sentence -는 것, but talk about the past.

Let’s take it to the next level by using expressions with 것.

Expression combining -ㄴ/은 and 것.

What does 것 mean?

-ㄴ 것 indicates something or something that happened in the past.

Things that happened in the past.

제가 이 글을 썼어요.
I wrote this text.


이 글은 제가 쓴 겁니다.
This text was written by me.

The story is changed from talking about behavior to talking about writing.

The point is that the focus of the story changes like this.

How to use “-ㄴ 것”.

For the sentence pattern, make the verb -ㄴ/은 and add 것 to it.

Av + -ㄴ/은 것

사다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 산 것
쓰다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 쓴 것

먹다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 먹은 것
읽다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 읽은 것

돕다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 도운 것
듣다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 들은 것
놀다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 논 것

-ㄴ것 is often used to describe past results and so on.

그건 제가 한국에서 보낸 겁니다.
That’s what I sent from Korea.
이 옷은 작년에 일본에서 거예요.
I bought this clothes in Japan last year.
저거는 16세기 레오나르도 다 빈치가 그린 겁니다.
That was painted by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th century.

When used at the end of a sentence, I will use -요 and -ㅂ니다 separately.

그 사진은 홍콩에 여행 갔을 때 찍은 거예요.
That picture was taken on a trip to Hong Kong.
이 편지는 10년전에 친구한테 받은 거예요.
This letter was given to me by a friend 10 years ago.
그 중에서 마음에 든 것 있어요?
Did you like any of them?

If you don’t know the verb modifier -ㄴ/은, you can’t make sentences, so if you are not good at it, review it.

In some cases, it represents past actions or facts.

-ㄴ/은 것 can also indicate past actions or facts.

배고파서 배달을 시킨 거예요.
I was hungry, so I ordered delivery.
감기는 다 나은 거예요?
Are you over your cold yet?
더 이상 만나기 싫어서 헤어진 거예요.
We broke up because I didn’t want to see him any more.
복권에 당첨된 처음이에요.
This is the first time I’ve ever won the lottery.

You can use -ㄴ 것 this like, to talk about things that happened in the past this like.

-What is important in using ㄴ/은 것?

Not to be confused with adjectives.

-ㄴ/은 것 is sometimes used with adjectives.

매운를 좋아해서 매일 먹어요.
I like spicy food and eat it every day.
가방은 가벼운이 좋을 거예요.
Bags should be lightweight.
이거는 그렇게 비싼 아냐.
This isn’t that expensive.

However, when adjectives are used, the sentence structure may look the same, but the nuance is different.

Therefore, it is recommended that you also review the adjective -ㄴ/은.

Colloquial use of the variant is common.

-ㄴ 것 changes form in spoken and written language.

written language

제가 읽은이 그 책입니다.
That is not the book I read.
제가 중에서 가장 재미있는 영화였어요.
It was the funniest movie I’ve ever seen.

spoken language

어제 먹은 하나도 기억이 안 나요.
I can’t remember a single thing I ate yesterday.
확인된 이게 다예요?
Is this all you were able to confirm?

거 or 건, etc…, the 것 part changes into various shapes.

written language spoken language
것은 거는/건
것을 거를/걸

-는 것 can be used in the same way, so it is a good idea to try different combinations to create various patterns of example sentences.