Let’s combine the modifiers -ㄴ/은 and 것.
-ㄴ/은 것 is like the sentence -는 것, but talk about the past.
Let’s take it to the next level by using expressions with 것.
Expression combining -ㄴ/은 and 것.
What does 것 mean?
-ㄴ 것 indicates something or something that happened in the past.
Things that happened in the past.
제가 이 글을 썼어요.
I wrote this text.
이 글은 제가 쓴 겁니다.
This text was written by me.
The story is changed from talking about behavior to talking about writing.
The point is that the focus of the story changes like this.
How to use “-ㄴ 것”.
For the sentence pattern, make the verb -ㄴ/은 and add 것 to it.
Av + -ㄴ/은 것
사다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 산 것
쓰다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 쓴 것
먹다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 먹은 것
읽다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 읽은 것
돕다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 도운 것
듣다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 들은 것
놀다 + -ㄴ/은 것 = 논 것
-ㄴ것 is often used to describe past results and so on.
That’s what I sent from Korea.
I bought this clothes in Japan last year.
That was painted by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th century.
When used at the end of a sentence, I will use -요 and -ㅂ니다 separately.
That picture was taken on a trip to Hong Kong.
This letter was given to me by a friend 10 years ago.
Did you like any of them?
If you don’t know the verb modifier -ㄴ/은, you can’t make sentences, so if you are not good at it, review it.
In some cases, it represents past actions or facts.
-ㄴ/은 것 can also indicate past actions or facts.
I was hungry, so I ordered delivery.
Are you over your cold yet?
We broke up because I didn’t want to see him any more.
This is the first time I’ve ever won the lottery.
You can use -ㄴ 것 this like, to talk about things that happened in the past this like.
-What is important in using ㄴ/은 것?
Not to be confused with adjectives.
-ㄴ/은 것 is sometimes used with adjectives.
I like spicy food and eat it every day.
Bags should be lightweight.
This isn’t that expensive.
However, when adjectives are used, the sentence structure may look the same, but the nuance is different.
Therefore, it is recommended that you also review the adjective -ㄴ/은.
Colloquial use of the variant is common.
-ㄴ 것 changes form in spoken and written language.
That is not the book I read.
It was the funniest movie I’ve ever seen.
I can’t remember a single thing I ate yesterday.
Is this all you were able to confirm?
거 or 건, etc…, the 것 part changes into various shapes.
|written language||spoken language|
-는 것 can be used in the same way, so it is a good idea to try different combinations to create various patterns of example sentences.