“What are you doing today?”
“What will you do on your next day off?”

These topics often come up in daily life, so let’s learn expressions that can be used in such situations.

What are the nuances of ㄹ 것이다?

Express one’s intentions and future plans.

-ㄹ 것이다 is used to express what you are going to do or intend to do.

Intentions and future plans.

집에서 숙제를 해요.
I do my homework at home.

If you are considering or undecided.

집에서 숙제를 할 거예요.
I intend to do my homework at home.

-ㄹ 거예요 indicates an element that is being considered or undetermined.

Therefore, it has a nuance like “I intend to ~”.

How to use “-ㄹ 것이다”

-ㄹ 것이다 is combined with the verb stem.

Av + -(으)ㄹ 것이다

만나다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 만날 거예요
공부하다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 공부할 거예요

찾다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 찾을 거예요
입다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 입을 거예요

만들다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 만들 거예요
듣다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 들을 거예요

-ㄹ 거예요(ㅇ)
-ㄹ 거에요(x)

No patchum in the stem

공항에서 친구를 만날 거예요.
I’m going to meet my friend at the airport.
시험날까지 어디서 공부할 거예요?
Where do you plan to study until the day of the exam?

Add -ㄹ 거예요 to verbs without patches.

Have a patchum in the stem

점심은 뭘 먹을 거예요?
What are you going to have for lunch?
올해 추석에는 저도 한복을 입을 거예요.
I plan to wear a hanbok this Autumn Evening too.

Verbs with patches are used with -을 거예요.

Cases of irregular changes.


전 내년부터 영국에서 살 거예요.
I will be living in the UK next year.

Since there is a ㄹ in the stem, only the 거예요 part is added to it.

Part of ㄷpatchum

집에서 음악을 들을 거예요.
I think I’ll stay home and listen to music.

The stem ㄷ patchum changes to ㄹ followed by -을 거예요.

Part of ㅂpatchum

봉사활동으로 쓰레기를 주울 거예요.
I will volunteer to pick up trash.

Add -ㄹ 거예요 where ㅂ changes to 우.

However, this case is not so common.

Variations in speech and nuance.

Speech and ending changes due to -ㅂ니다.

-ㄹ 거예요 is a way of speaking using the -요 form.

When you want to speak with -ㅂ니다, it is expressed as follows.

전 국밥을 시킬 겁니다.
I’m going to order the gukbap(Soup with Rice).
결혼식은 6월말에 올릴 겁니다.
I’m planning a wedding for the end of June.
정말 여기서 집까지 걸어갈 겁니까?
Are you planning to walk home from here?

Let’s also practice the -ㄹ 겁니다 sentence pattern.

What happens to the end of a word when speaking to someone close to you?

-ㄹ 거예요 can also be spoken as follows.

연휴는 집에 있을 거야.
I think I’ll stay home for the holidays.
친구랑 같이 클럽에서 놀 거야.
I’m going to spend the night with my friends.
도대체 언제까지 그럴 거야?
How long are you going to do that?

Sometimes -ㄹ 거야 is used for people who are close to you.

So you should learn all these different ways.

We’re not just talking about schedules.

It can represent not only future plans and schedules, but also determinations.

올해는 일본어능력시험에 합격할 거예요.
I will pass the JLPT this year.
다음은 꼭 우리가 이길 겁니다.
We will win the next one.
범인은 제가 직접 찾아낼 겁니다.
I will find the murderer myself.

It would be a good idea to talk about your goals for this year in Korean.

The nuances introduced here are essential, so be sure to learn them.