“What are you doing today?”
“What will you do on your next day off?”
These topics often come up in daily life, so let’s learn expressions that can be used in such situations.
What are the nuances of ㄹ 것이다?
Express one’s intentions and future plans.
-ㄹ 것이다 is used to express what you are going to do or intend to do.
Intentions and future plans.
집에서 숙제를 해요.
I do my homework at home.
If you are considering or undecided.
집에서 숙제를 할 거예요.
I intend to do my homework at home.
-ㄹ 거예요 indicates an element that is being considered or undetermined.
Therefore, it has a nuance like “I intend to ~”.
How to use “-ㄹ 것이다”
-ㄹ 것이다 is combined with the verb stem.
Av + -(으)ㄹ 것이다
만나다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 만날 거예요
공부하다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 공부할 거예요
찾다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 찾을 거예요
입다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 입을 거예요
만들다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 만들 거예요
듣다 + -ㄹ 것이다 = 들을 거예요
No patchum in the stem
I’m going to meet my friend at the airport.
Where do you plan to study until the day of the exam?
Add -ㄹ 거예요 to verbs without patches.
Have a patchum in the stem
What are you going to have for lunch?
I plan to wear a hanbok this Autumn Evening too.
Verbs with patches are used with -을 거예요.
Cases of irregular changes.
I will be living in the UK next year.
Since there is a ㄹ in the stem, only the 거예요 part is added to it.
Part of ㄷpatchum
I think I’ll stay home and listen to music.
The stem ㄷ patchum changes to ㄹ followed by -을 거예요.
Part of ㅂpatchum
I will volunteer to pick up trash.
Add -ㄹ 거예요 where ㅂ changes to 우.
However, this case is not so common.
Variations in speech and nuance.
Speech and ending changes due to -ㅂ니다.
-ㄹ 거예요 is a way of speaking using the -요 form.
When you want to speak with -ㅂ니다, it is expressed as follows.
I’m going to order the gukbap(Soup with Rice).
I’m planning a wedding for the end of June.
Are you planning to walk home from here?
Let’s also practice the -ㄹ 겁니다 sentence pattern.
What happens to the end of a word when speaking to someone close to you?
-ㄹ 거예요 can also be spoken as follows.
I think I’ll stay home for the holidays.
I’m going to spend the night with my friends.
How long are you going to do that?
Sometimes -ㄹ 거야 is used for people who are close to you.
So you should learn all these different ways.
We’re not just talking about schedules.
It can represent not only future plans and schedules, but also determinations.
I will pass the JLPT this year.
We will win the next one.
I will find the murderer myself.
It would be a good idea to talk about your goals for this year in Korean.
The nuances introduced here are essential, so be sure to learn them.