When people take action, there is always a “purpose.
Go out to do some shopping.
Make a phone call to talk with a friend.
Boil water to eat a cup of noodles.
Let’s try to express the purpose of such actions in Korean.
Represents the “purpose” associated with an action.
Indicates a will or attitude to do it.
-려고 하다 expresses the purpose or attitude toward an action.
The action is just about to begin.
나는 공부하려고 해요.
I’m about to study.
-려고 하다, indicating that the action is just about to begin.
How to use “-려고 하다”.
-려고 하다 is used with verbs.
Av + -(으)려고 하다
가다 + -려고 하다 = 가려고 해요
사다 + -려고 하다 = 사려고 해요
공부하다 + -려고 하다 = 공부하려고 해요
먹다 + -려고 하다 = 먹으려고 해요
입다 + -려고 하다 = 입으려고 해요
신다 + -려고 하다 = 신으려고 해요
놀다 + -려고 하다 = 놀려고 해요
듣다 + -려고 하다 = 들으려고 해요
※Av = an action verb
Use -려고 하다 for words without a patchy stem, and add -으려고 하다 for words with a patchy stem.
No patchum in the stem
I’m about to buy milk and bread at Mart.
I’m about to meet a friend of mine.
I’m about to watch a movie with friends.
Have a patchum in the stem
I’m just about to wash my hands now.
I’m about to boil some water and eat a cup of ramen.
The child is about to put on socks.
Cases of irregular changes.
We about to go out at the club.
I’m just about to listen to the radio now that I’m free.
Depending on what the patches are, you should combine -(으)려고 하다 with the appropriate form for each of the vocabulary words in the variant conjugations.
It can be used as a statement of intent for the future.
An action will take place in the future, so -려고 하다 can be used as a statement of intent for the future.
I’m going to bed early today.
I plan to throw the trash out tomorrow morning.
I’m going to get a job after I finish school.
In other words, it is best to use it while also being aware of nuances such as “Are you about to do something now or are you thinking about later actions”.
How can I use 려고 하다 more?
Indicates what you intended to do in the past.
-려고 하다 can also be used when you tried to do something in the past.
I tried to get up at 6am today.
I tried to learn English three years ago.
I tried to forget everything.
-려고 하다 in the past tense makes the sentence “I tried to do something before, I was going to do something”.
“하다” is often omitted.
In conversation, the 하다 part is sometimes omitted.
I’m getting a new cell phone.
I’m thinking of working part-time at a cafe.
I’m going to leave my car at home.
It is often used by eliminating -하다 and using -려고, or by adding -요 and using -려고요.
하다 changes to other words.
-려고 하다 is sometimes used as a variant.
I picked up a pen to write a letter.
I go to the library to return books.
I bought a beer to drink with my mother.
You can see that the back part from 하다 has been replaced by other expressions.
-려고 하다 Once you have learned the basic form, you should practice applying it little by little.