Verb modifiers change form depending on whether they are used in the present, past, or future.
-는 means present.
ㄴ/은 is for the past.
And -ㄹ/을 indicates the future.
In this lesson, let’s practice expressions with the verb changed to -ㄹ/을.
The verb modifier “-ㄹ/을”.
Modifiers of the future.
When you want to add future meanings to nouns, change the verb form to -ㄹ/을.
What the verb ‘-ㄹ/을’ means.
식사 후에 약을 먹어요.
Take the medicine after meals.
식사 후에 먹을 약이에요.
It’s a medicine I take after a meal.
The expression changes from talking about “taking medicine after a meal” to “medicine to take after a meal”.
It is characterized by sentences in which the noun is emphasized rather than the action.
How to use “-ㄹ/을”.
-ㄹ/을 is also combined with the verb stem.
Av + -ㄹ/을
보다 + -ㄹ/을 = 볼
주다 + -ㄹ/을 = 줄
하다 + -ㄹ/을 = 할
입다 + -ㄹ/을 = 입을
넣다 + -ㄹ/을 = 넣을
살다 + -ㄹ/을 = 살
듣다 + -ㄹ/을 = 들을
돕다 + -ㄹ/을 = 도울
No patchum in the stem
This is the beer I’ll be drinking later when I get home.
I’m trying to find a housewarming gift for a friend.
These are the words you will learn by tomorrow.
Add -ㄹ for verbs without patchum.
Have a patchum in the stem
So many people, nowhere to sit.
These are the ingredients for Doenjang Jjigae.
I don’t have any clothes to wear when I go out to hang out, I need something new.
Use -을 when the stem of a word has a patchum.
Cases of irregular changes.
All citizens have the “right to know”.
Since there is ㄹ in the patchum, we only need to exclude 다.
Part of ㄷpatchum
It’s a music player with songs to listen to when riding the subway.
After ㄷ changes to ㄹ, use -을.
Part of ㅂpatchum
I can think of no one who would help him more.
Where ㅂ patchim becomes 우, and -ㄹ enters.
Commonly used words and expressions.
Expressions you want to memorize as they are.
Some expressions using -ㄹ/을 are better learned as they are.
I need to talk to you about something.
I have a lot to do and I’m busy.
I would like to learn English, but I am too busy to do so.
You must be able to come up with these words quickly without having to think about every single sentence pattern.
The expression “-ㄹ 때” is another modifier.
A noun often combined with -ㄹ/을 is 때.
Hold your breath when you take the x-ray.
Please enter your ID and password when you log in.
When you exercise, you start with warm-up exercises.
In other words, -ㄹ 때 is expression using -ㄹ/을.
In some cases, there is no difference from the present tense.
In some cases -ㄹ/을 also has the same nuance as the present tense -는, depending on the nouns combined.
I’ve been so busy lately that I haven’t had time to try to eat lunch.
I’ve been so busy lately that I haven’t had time to eat lunch.
In this case, is there “no time to try to eat” or is there “no time to eat”?
Both “can’t take time off for eating” are the same.
Expressions like ‘드릴 말씀’ should be memorized as a fixed phrase.