“a red apple”
“A blue shirt”
One common feature of these is the use of modifiers by adjective.
Adjective and modifiers.
Adjectives are transformed when they come before nouns.
Adjectives are words that describe what it is like.
Modifiers by adjective.
The coffee is hot.
그는 머리가 노래요.
The hair is yellow.
Transformation by position.
the hot coffee
The yellow hair
Adjectives change form depending on their position in the sentence; when they come before a noun, they become -ㄴ/은.
How to use “ㄴ/은” of adjectives.
The adjectives in the conjugative form should have -ㄴ/은 on the stem.
Dv + -ㄴ/은
싸다 + -ㄴ/은 = 싼
슬프다 + -ㄴ/은 = 슬픈
좋다 + -ㄴ/은 = 좋은
작다 + -ㄴ/은 = 작은
길다 + -ㄴ/은 = 긴
빨갛다 + -ㄴ/은 = 빨간
뜨겁다 + -ㄴ/은 = 뜨거운
※Dv = an adjective
No patchum in the stem
Cheap meat is not tasty.
This is not an expensive bag.
The movie was a sad story.
Words without a patchum in the stem are combined with -ㄴ.
Have a patchum in the stem
Eun-gyeong is a kind and nice person.
One small box on the table.
I wear a black hat when I go out.
If the word stem has a patchum, add -은.
Cases of irregular changes.
There is a woman with long hair.
The ㄹ of the patchum will drop out and -ㄴ will enter.
Three red apples for 5,000 won.
The ㅎ of the patchum will drop out and -ㄴ will enter.
My dad likes spicy food a lot.
The ㅂ of the patchum replaces the 우, and the -ㄴ enters there.
Various patterns of modifiers.
The modifiers when talking about the past.
Even when talking about the past, the form remains the same.
I ate lunch later than usual.
There were no difficult questions on the exam.
I saw a short person in the subway.
Just as “white is white” in both the past and present, this is because adjectives are basically time-independent words.
How to use “이, 그,저” of modifiers.
You can also use -ㄴ/은 for directives and interrogatives.
These clothes don’t look good on you.
I don’t want to be that person.
What gift should I give them for their anniversary?
In this way, you can also use 이렇다, 그렇다 or 어떻다.
Can nouns also be made in the modifiers?
You can also use -ㄴ/은 for 이다 or 아니다 to modify a noun.
I have a friend who is a cook.
What makes it the best in the world?
Available for non-members too.
We encourage you to practice these uses as well.
You may want to practice in different ways, switching the order of adjectives and nouns.