Modifiers such as -는 are used by placing them before the noun.

For example, “제가 다니는 학교”.

By the way, modifiers are often used with 것, it’s expression that should be mastered too.

Expression combining -는 and 것.

What does the 것 mean?

-는 것 is often used to change the wording.

Change the wording.

나는 을 좋아해요.
I like books.


나는 책을 읽는 것을 좋아해요.
I like to read books.

Liking books means “liking to read books”.

If you use -는 것 like this, you can change the way you express yourself.

How to use “-는 것”.

Let’s make the verb -는 and add 것 to it.

Av + -는 것

보다 + -는 것 = 보는 것
사다 + -는 것 = 사는 것
공부하다 + -는 것 = 공부하는 것
준비하다 + -는 것 = 준비하는 것

먹다 + -는 것 = 먹는 것
입다 + -는 것 = 입는 것
받다 + -는 것 = 받는 것
씻다 + -는 것 = 씻는 것

알다 + -는 것 = 아는 것
만들다 + -는 것 = 만드는 것

Often -는 것 implies action or behavior.

제 다이어트법은 아침마다 운동하는 거예요.
My diet is to exercise every morning.
전 언어를 배우는 것이 취미예요.
I like learning languages.
난 약속시간에 늦는 게 제일 싫어요.
I hate being late for appointments the most.
정말 비가 오는 거 확실해?
Is it really going to rain?

Depending on the content that follows -는 것, various sentences can be completed.

Often used in interrogative sentences.

-는 것 is often used in interrogative sentences.

지금 뭐하는 거예요?
What are you doing now?
거기서 뭐하시는 겁니까?
What are you doing there?
대체 언제까지 이러는 겁니까?
How long are you going to do this?

Learning how to ask these questions will improve your expression.

The nuance of “-는 것” changes depending on the sentence.

In the case of the object of the action.

-는 것 can also denote the object of an action.

저 사람들이 마시는 건 녹차예요.
That person is drinking this green tea.
내가 제일 잘 만드는 게 김밥이에요.
I can make the kimbap, in my best .
요즘 읽는 게 어떤 책이에요?
What kind of book are you reading recently?

If the 것 represents the object of the action, it will be easier to grasp the meaning.

It could also represent “some feature.”

Sometimes -는 것 means some feature.

자전거도 타는 것이에요.
Bicycles are vehicles, too.
맛없는 건 먹고 싶지 않아요.
I don’t want to eat bad food.
학식에서는 싸고 맛있는 걸 많이 먹을 수 있어요.
At the school cafeteria, you can eat a lot of cheap and delicious food.

In such cases, it would be difficult to grasp the nuances.

The same expression can have different meanings depending on the situation.

The same expression can mean different things in different situations.

현주씨가 먹는 게 뭐예요?
Ms. Hyunjoo, what are you eating?
전 요리하는 거보다는 먹는 걸 더 좋아해요.
I prefer eating to cooking.
이거 먹는 거 맞아?
Is this really food?

“what someone is eating”.

The meaning of 먹는 것 is completely different, even though they are the same.

The nuance changes depending on the situation, so it is important to know what -는 것 refers to.

-는 것 has many difficult sentences, so practice little by little to get used to it.