Let’s learn how to express verbs as nouns.
Verbs can be transformed like nouns, and there are more things that can be expressed by using nounized verbs.
What is nounization of verbs?
The noun form of a verb is “-기”.
-기 can be used to make a verb like a noun.
Nounization of verbs.
Since this is all, it is not very difficult.
How to use “-기”.
Regardless of whether the word stem has a patchum or not, let’s give it a -기.
Av + -기
가다 + -기 = 가기
싸다 + -기 = 싸기
달리다 + -기 = 달리기
먹다 + -기 = 먹기
읽다 + -기 = 읽기
밥하다 + -기 = 밥하기
요리하다 + -기 = 요리하기
I enjoy going to school everyday.
How can I practice writing?
A lot of food for one person.
This makes packing easy.
The sentence pattern of -기 is easy to make.
Standard pattern using “-기”.
Indicates likes and dislikes.
Typical expressions using -기 include likes and dislikes.
I like treking and walking.
I hate running.
I don’t want to drink milk.
I didn’t want to work, so I skipped work and go out.
And -기를 좋아하다/싫어하다 are also commonly used patterns.
Expressing “easy to ~” and “hard to ~”.
Simple or difficult things are often expressed with “-기” too.
Japanese is easy to learn for Korean.
Russian is difficult to pronounce.
We’re in the countryside here, so we rarely see people.
I can’t go home on time these days.
You should also learn this as a basic pattern.
Also used as a symbol in mathematical formulas.
-기 also appear in math symbols.
Symbols used in mathematical formulas.
＋：더하다 + -기 = 더하기
ー：빼다 + -기 = 빼기
×：곱하다 + -기 = 곱하기
÷：나누다 + -기 = 나누기
If you have time, please read the simple mathematical formula in Korean.
Incidentally, public transportation in Seoul is convenient and easy to transfer.