Expressions related to numbers are an unavoidable part of learning a language.
There are two types of numeral expressions in Korean.
Many people may find it difficult to read them because of their different readings, but let’s practice how to read them and their basic usage.
The arabic number.
Arithmetic numbers are the basis of numerical expression.
This is a counting system used in mathematics, etc.
The arabic number.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10…
It is easy the numbers such as ‘1=일, 2=이, 3=삼, 4=사…’.
Note the number containing “6.”
As we read 34 as 삼(3)+십(10)+사(4), numbers beyond 10 are simply expressed by connecting each number.
However, when “6” appears in the first position, as in 16, 26, and 36, the pronunciation of 육 is nasalized to “뉵”.
The basic expression is the same for numbers over 100, but 10,000 is pronounced “만” without the one.
100,000 and 1,000,000 are pronounced “심만/뱅만”.
Also, the pronunciation of 16000 changes to 만뉵천.
Note that numbers containing ‘ㅂ’ or ‘ㄱ’ in the patches can change pronunciation depending on the combination.
The Korean number
Korea’s unique counting system.
Korean number is difficult.
Be difficult for foreigners.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5…
In Korean number
하나, 둘, 셋, 넷, 다섯…
This complicated count goes up to 99.
How to read korean number?
‘1~4’ combined with 개 is “한 개, 두 개, 세 개, 네 개”.
’20’ becomes “스무 개” when combined with 개.
※사과 수무 개(an twenty apples)
Be able to say the number of pieces and your age in numbers.
When a number has more than three digits, numbers above 100 are expressed in Arabic numerals and then combined with Korean numbers below 99.
This combination of numbers is often used to news.
However, everything is often expressed in Arabic numerals.
“0” and how to read it
영 for Arabic numerals.
영 is mainly used in mathematics and science.
What is today’s maximum temperature?
Today’s maximum temperature is 0.6°C.
If the temperature is 0.3°C, it is 영점삼도.
By the way, a zero on a test is sometimes talked 빵점, and the amount of money “0 won” is sometimes talked 빵원.
공 as a strings.
공 is the image of an empty “circle.”
What is your phone number?
Phone number is ‘010-1234-5678’.
We use “공” for phone numbers, you can think of them as strings rather than numbers, and think of them as numbers being exchanged.
No “0” in Korean numers?
Korean numers count a number of things and do not use the concept of zero as in mathematics.
How many cucumbers and tomatoes?
There are no cucumbers. There is only one tomato.
In other words, ‘zero’ would be “없다”.
You must first able to say about 1~20 in Korea numbers.