If you were to travel abroad, such as to Korea, Japan, or China, where would you like to go?

If you did, what would you like to do there?

In this lesson, let’s practice expressions of assumptions and conditions.

Expressing “if ~” in Korean.

Talk based on assumptions and conditions.

-면 is used when talking about assumptions or conditions, as in “If A, then B.”

-면 = if?

①시간이 있어요.
I have time.

그러면 저도 가요.
Then I’ll be there.


③시간이 있으면 저도 가요.
I’ll be there if I have time.

It assumes the content that comes before the ‘-면’ and expresses what it would do or how it would do it in that case.

How to use “-면”.

-면 is combined with verbs, adjectives, and other word stems.

Vst + -(으)면

가다 + -면 = 가
만나다 + -면 = 만나
필요하다 + -면 = 필요하

먹다 + -면 = 먹으면
입다 + -면 = 입으면
없다 + -면 = 없으면

놀다 + -면 = 놀면
듣다 + -면 = 들으면
덥다 + -면 = 더우면

※Vst = stem of verbs or adjectives.

No patchum in the stem

도착하면 연락 주세요.
Please call me when you arrive.
운동하면 스트레스가 풀립니다.
Exercise helps relieve stress.
비가 오면 집에서 안 나갈 거예요.
If it rains I will not leave the house.

Add -면 to the stem of a word without a patchum.

Have a patchum in the stem

날씨만 좋으면 놀러 갈 거야.
As long as the weather is nice, I’ll go out.
코트를 입으면 따뜻할 거예요.
I think it would be warmer with a coat.
돈이 없으면 방을 구하지 못할 겁니다.
You won’t be able to rent a room without money.

-으면 to a word with a patchum.

Cases of irregular changes.


미국에서 5년 살면 영어를 잘할까요?
If I live in the U.S. for 5 years, will I be able to speak English?

For ㄹ patchm, add only -면.

Part of ㄷpatchum

하루에 1시간 이상 걸으면 살이 빠질 겁니다.
I think if you have more than an hour a day you will lose weight.

Add -으면 at the change from ㄷpatchim to ㄹ.

Part of ㅂpatchum

추우면 왜 잠이 옵니까?
Why do you feel sleepy when it’s cold?

Since ㅂpatchim turns into 우, use -면 there.

Let’s use “-면” even more.

What if you want to use “-면” with a noun?

If you want to use -면 with a noun, add -이면/-이라면.

17살이면 술을 마시지 마요.
If you’re 17, you shouldn’t be drinking.
돼지고기라면 제주도가 최고예요.
Jeju Island is the best when it comes to pork.
고등학생이라면 무료로 이용 가능합니다.
Free for high school students.

This happens because we combine 이다 with nouns, but you can use -라면 for nouns without patches.

Used with negative sentences to improve expression.

-면 can only be used in combination with other grammars to improve expression.

약을 먹으면 머리가 아파요.
If I don’t take my medicine, I get headaches.
비가 내리지 않으면 등산을 갈 거예요.
If it doesn’t rain, I’ll go mountain tracking.
집중 못 하 좀 쉬어요.
If you can’t concentrate, take a break.

It is also good to practice while combining with negative sentences such as 안 or 못.

Let’s talk about different conditions.

Let’s set up various conditions and talk about them.

여름이 되면 바다에 가고 싶어요.
I want to go to the beach when summer comes.
사거리를 지나가면 왼 쪽에 학교가 있습니다.
After the intersection, the school is on your left.
이탈리아에 여행 가면 피사의 사탑을 구경하고 싶어요.
If I travel to Italy, I want to see the Leaning Tower of Pisa.

If you have a country or tourist attraction you would like to visit, you can try expressing it in Korean.

Since -면 is a grammar that is often used in daily conversation, practice it more and more.