If you were to travel abroad, such as to Korea, Japan, or China, where would you like to go?
If you did, what would you like to do there?
In this lesson, let’s practice expressions of assumptions and conditions.
Expressing “if ~” in Korean.
Talk based on assumptions and conditions.
-면 is used when talking about assumptions or conditions, as in “If A, then B.”
-면 = if？
I have time.
②그러면 저도 가요.
Then I’ll be there.
③시간이 있으면 저도 가요.
I’ll be there if I have time.
It assumes the content that comes before the ‘-면’ and expresses what it would do or how it would do it in that case.
How to use “-면”.
-면 is combined with verbs, adjectives, and other word stems.
Vst + -(으)면
가다 + -면 = 가면
만나다 + -면 = 만나면
필요하다 + -면 = 필요하면
먹다 + -면 = 먹으면
입다 + -면 = 입으면
없다 + -면 = 없으면
놀다 + -면 = 놀면
듣다 + -면 = 들으면
덥다 + -면 = 더우면
※Vst = stem of verbs or adjectives.
No patchum in the stem
Please call me when you arrive.
Exercise helps relieve stress.
If it rains I will not leave the house.
Add -면 to the stem of a word without a patchum.
Have a patchum in the stem
As long as the weather is nice, I’ll go out.
I think it would be warmer with a coat.
You won’t be able to rent a room without money.
-으면 to a word with a patchum.
Cases of irregular changes.
If I live in the U.S. for 5 years, will I be able to speak English?
For ㄹ patchm, add only -면.
Part of ㄷpatchum
I think if you have more than an hour a day you will lose weight.
Add -으면 at the change from ㄷpatchim to ㄹ.
Part of ㅂpatchum
Why do you feel sleepy when it’s cold?
Since ㅂpatchim turns into 우, use -면 there.
Let’s use “-면” even more.
What if you want to use “-면” with a noun?
If you want to use -면 with a noun, add -이면/-이라면.
If you’re 17, you shouldn’t be drinking.
Jeju Island is the best when it comes to pork.
Free for high school students.
This happens because we combine 이다 with nouns, but you can use -라면 for nouns without patches.
Used with negative sentences to improve expression.
-면 can only be used in combination with other grammars to improve expression.
If I don’t take my medicine, I get headaches.
If it doesn’t rain, I’ll go mountain tracking.
If you can’t concentrate, take a break.
It is also good to practice while combining with negative sentences such as 안 or 못.
Let’s talk about different conditions.
Let’s set up various conditions and talk about them.
I want to go to the beach when summer comes.
After the intersection, the school is on your left.
If I travel to Italy, I want to see the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
If you have a country or tourist attraction you would like to visit, you can try expressing it in Korean.
Since -면 is a grammar that is often used in daily conversation, practice it more and more.